Pharmaceutical chemistry are disciplines at the intersection of chemistry, especially synthetic Organic chemistry, Inorganic chemistry and various other biological specialties, where it is involved with design, chemical synthesis and development for market of pharmaceutical agents (drugs).
Practically speaking, it involves chemical aspects of identification, and then systematic, thorough synthetic alteration of new chemical entities to make them suitable for therapeutic use. It includes synthetic and computational aspects of the study of existing drugs and agents in development in relation to their bioactivities (biological activities and properties), i.e., understanding their structure-activity relationships (SAR). Pharmaceutical chemistry is focused on quality aspects of medicines and aims to assure fitness for purpose of medicinal products
The opportunities in Pharmaceutical Chemistry for high impact discovery and design for human betterment have never been greater. The pioneers of this department were rooted in physical, computational, analytical, synthetic, and inorganic and enzyme chemistry. Pharmaceutical Chemistry is the study of the molecular and mechanistic aspects Of pharmaceuticals. The discipline emphasizes the chemistry of drug design and Development, drug action, drug transport, drug delivery, and targeting. The development of new pharmaceuticals is critically dependent on a molecular-level understanding of Biological processes and mechanisms of drug action. Progress in the field now depends on the design and synthesis of new molecules using tools such as structure activity Relationships, combinatorial chemistry, and computer-aided drug design. In recent years Rational design of drugs tuned to specific target sites is becoming a reality due to Concurrent advances in chemistry elucidation of the human genome. Chemists continue to be at the forefront of drug design, synthesis, testing, and development.